Dendrochronological dating of the viking age ship burials at oseberg gokstad and tune norway

dendrochronological dating of the viking age ship burials at oseberg gokstad and tune norway

How did the Vikings navigate in the ocean?

With such technological improvements, the Vikings began to make more and more ocean voyages, as their ships were more seaworthy. However, in order to sail in ocean waters, the Vikings needed to develop methods of relatively precise navigation. Most commonly, a ships pilot drew on traditional knowledge to set the ships course.

What are some examples of Viking ship burials?

Several examples of Viking ship burials have been excavated, e.g. the Oseberg ship, containing the remains of two women, the Gokstad ship, and one near the Danish village of Ladby, where it can be found on display.

What was the most powerful vessel in Viking Age Europe?

Through such cultural and practical significance, the Viking ship progressed into the most powerful, advanced naval vessel in Viking Age Europe. A faering is an open rowboat with two pairs of oars, commonly found in most boat-building traditions in Western and Northern Scandinavia, dating back to the Viking Age.

How did the Norse bury their dead?

Prominent men or women in Norse society sometimes received a ship burial. The body of the deceased would be prepared and dressed in fine clothes and then be transported to the burial-place in a wagon drawn by horses. The deceased would be placed on the ship, along with many prized possessions.

How did the Vikings navigate at sea?

The Vikings, in fact, had a set of methods to navigate at seas. These methods along with the shipbuilding advancement helped the Vikings sail across the sea. At the time, there were no modern and hi-tech navigational instruments. The Viking crew had to depend on the birds, whales, celestial bodies, chant, and rhymes.

How did Vikings find land on the ocean?

Experienced sailors can smell land in a sea breeze, and feel the prevailing wind on their skin. Vikings also used a plumb bob—a weight on the end of a line—to determine water depth. They might also have used a simple latitude finder, which was a circle of wood with a gnomen sticking up from it that floated in a bucket.

How did the Vikings see the swells of the sea?

Touch: According to the Viking researchers, an experienced Viking seafarer could use their sense of touch to feel the difference in the swells in the seas. Technically, a swell in the context of the sea is a series of mechanical waves when the interface of the water met the air.

How did Viking sailors keep track of animals on their voyages?

During a voyage, Viking sailors would keep an eye on animals and the environment to help guide them. Hearing the calls of birds would indicate a coastline was nearby. Spotting whales swimming close to ocean currents could keep them on track.

How did the Vikings bury their dead?

A collection of Viking graves. There are typically two common ways to bury the dead, and the Vikings did practise both at some point. The first method, cremation is to burn the body at temperatures so hot that flesh and bone would turn to ash, the ash could then be scattered, buried or sailed out to sea.

What were the burial customs of the Norsemen?

Norse funerals, or the burial customs of Viking Age North Germanic Norsemen (early medieval Scandinavians), are known both from archaeology and from historical accounts such as the Icelandic sagas and Old Norse poetry . Throughout Scandinavia, there are many remaining tumuli in honour of Viking kings and chieftains,...

What did the Norse do with the dead?

It was common to leave gifts with the deceased. Both men and women received grave goods, even if the corpse was to be burnt on a pyre. A Norseman could also be buried with a loved one or house thrall, or cremated together on a funeral pyre. The amount and the value of the goods depended on which social group the dead person came from.

How did religion affect Viking burial practices?

During the late Viking Age, around the year 1000, Christianity began to take over as the main religion of the Vikings. This religious change seems to have affected Viking burial practices. Inhumation began to replace cremation as the method of delivering the dead to the afterlife. Different regions had different customs.

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