The production of linen postcards eventually gave way to photochrom or photochrome postcards, which first appeared in 1939. In Japan, official postcards were introduced in December 1873, shortly after stamps were introduced to Japan. Tichenor Brothers in Cambridge, Massachusetts also produced many cards in this era. This was done throughout their history using very subtle to garish means. . As of May 19, 1898 private vendors were allowed to print and sell postcards.
What clues can be drawn from the style of interior decorations, appliances, and furnishings? Observing this shiny crust, no mater what the color, is a quick and sure way of telling if you are looking at a real photo. The back of the postcard was for the address only. Therefore, as seen below, the image did not encompass the entire frontof the card. By this time postcards were so popular it is estimated that production doubled every six months. While a postcard is usually printed by a private company, individual or organization, a postal card is issued by the relevant. Watch out, too, for reproductions.
By the 1920s, a new method of printing became more widely used. Bromide paper was relatively fast and was meant to be used with an enlarger. With hundreds of millions of postcards mailed each year during the Golden Age of Postcards 1907-1915 it is not surprising that antique postcards are so popular and still readily available to collectors. The majority of postcards produced during this time were from Europe, especially Germany, which was well known for rich chromolithography. These early divided backs gave priority to the address so that the address took up two thirds of the space and the message being confined to one third. Even if you are a novice in the field of postcards, you will be able to start hunting tomorrow prepared with what you have just read and probably make some great finds. Many millions of cards were published in this era -- it was the golden age of postcards.
Other cards that have an irregular or crooked line between the image and the border are more likely the sign of poor craftsmanship. Some cards bear an image on only a portion of the card with most of the front left for a message. Toshach Susan Toomey Frost Skip Peters Robert Whelan Bob Gurske John David Phillips, Sr Jim Whipple Derek Gee John F. If you do decide to collect postcards I recommend you obtain an informative postcard book and study it — the reading will pay off. Further Resources Smithsonian Institution Archives. Early postcards often showcased photography of nude women. Cards previous to that had to have the Private Mailing Card Statement.
But it was Curt Teich who finally solved the problem by embossing paper with a linen texture before printing. Online catalogs can be found on collector websites and clubs. The Detroit Publishing Company began numbering its cards with Number 1. The profitable and lasting future of the postcard was greatly enhanced. If the front did have an image, then a small space was left on the front for a message. Real Photo, Art Nouveau, and Art Deco period postcards were produced in more than one of the classic postcard eras. The photochrom postcards are in color, and their images closely resemble photographs.
If the postcard is used, the most obvious solution is to check the date on the postmark. Early postcards had an undivided back. Despite the name, linen postcards were not produced on a linen fabric, but used newer printing processes that used an inexpensive card stock with a high rag content, and were then finished with a pattern which resembled linen. Publishers began using a linen-like paper containing a high rag content but used very cheap inks in most instances. As a result, we have to find our clues from the card itself. Even the toning of photographs were pushed beyond the natural for expressive purposes producing very deep blues or sepias. New Year's Day postcards serve as , similar to Western , while return postcards function similarly to a , allowing one to receive a reply without burdening the addressee with postage fees.
Publishers developed the process so that the inks would dry more quickly. Real Photo Post Cards 1900 to present Post cards that are actual photographic replications were first produced around 1900. The emultion on these papers were generally applied to paper with Baryta sizing, which was only available from Germany until Kodak began to manufacture it in 1906. These stencils were usually cut out of tin or heavy paper and would be sandwiched between the photo paper and negative during exposure to the sun. Sold by and street vendors, as well as by specialist souvenir shops, modern seaside postcards often feature multiple depictions of the resort in unusually favourable weather conditions. When exposed to long wave black light these new papers will glow a bright white.
White borders were popularly introduced around 1915. If the postcard is used, the most check the date on the postmark. About 85 percent of all photographs made in the 19th century were albumen prints. If you wanted to write a message it had to be crammed in alongside the picture, around it and sometimes over it. Fred Bassett, New York State Library.